Education Programs > Wildlife Damage Guide
Wildlife Damage in New Jersey
As a center of sustainable agriculture for Rutgers University, we at Snyder Farm utilize research to find balanced answers to today's difficult problems. Wildlife damage is one of those difficult problems.
Wildlife and wildlife habitat play a vital role in the ecological and biological processes that are essential to life. But like many other states, New Jersey is experiencing increasing urbanization, suburban growth, and detachment from agriculture and wildlife. As the general population is removed from rural communities and agrarian practices, fewer individuals understand the interface between wildlife and agriculture. It is increasingly difficult for people to appreciate the need for reducing wildlife damage related to agriculture production in suburban environments. The nature and complexity of wildlife-human conflicts is changing rapidly, as is the knowledge and attitudes we have towards these conflicts.
Populations of Canada geese, white-tailed deer, bears, beaver, and other wildlife species have increased significantly. The increases have been the result of land use changes, decreased hunting and trapping, and a variety of other reasons. Overabundant populations of animals in close proximity to humans often result in increased wildlife damage to property and increased human health and safety concerns. Wildlife causes significant damage to agricultural crops and livestock, forests, pastures, property in urban and rural areas, and threatened or endangered species and their habitats. Wildlife also can threaten human health and safety through animal-borne diseases, water contamination, and hazards to moving vehicles and aircraft.
Rutgers NJAES investigates and recommends integrated management strategies to reduce damage caused by wildlife to the lowest possible levels. Prevention and management of wildlife-human conflicts is an essential for sustaining farming on the urban fringe and is beneficial to all New Jersey residents.